Windows in a corporate environment poses additional challenges. For example, you’ll need large scale support to manage hundreds or thousands of devices. You’ll also have security concerns. Mobile devices with important data and local file shares must remain safe. There will also be a wide variety of uses for the devices in a corporate environment. For example, the marketing department might need to do intense video editing while the finance department will need high processing capabilities to work on their spreadsheets. You may have geographical sprawl, where all the systems may not be in the same building. You may need to cache data between sites.
Active Directory Domain Services is a large centralized database of your network. It contains information about all of your users, computers, and the systems they connect to. Active Directory is meant for a distributed architecture where there may be many servers. It’s not suitable for home use. Active Directory allows for everything to be documented in one centralized place. Your user accounts, servers, volumes, printers, etc. are all in one place. Active Directory can be used for authentication as well as for centralized management.
BitLocker provides for full disk encryption (FDE). Everything on the drive is encrypted including the operating system.
Media center is a centralized portal for video, music, and television. It’s good for watching media at home. It can record shows from a tv tuner, play music and DVDs, etc. It can act as the center of your home entertainment center. Media center was discontinued by Microsoft, and is not officially available in Windows 10.
EFS stands for Encrypting File System. EFS allows for encryption and protection of individual files and folders. EFS is built into Windows using the NTFS file system.